Silicic acid in water

Silicic acid is a very weak acid. It is the compound of silicon, oxygen and hydrogen. Silicon is not found in free form in the nature. Mostly it is found in the nature in oxide form. Usually, oxides of silicon are very little soluble in the water whereas the others silicon compounds are insoluble in water. The solubility of silicon dioxide creates silicic acid. Little amount of silicic acid is Read more

How to change a whole house water filter cartridge

Many people use water filter in their home but they do not know how to change a whole house water filter cartridge. The replacement of a filter cartridge is very easy, even for a new user. The cartridge changing can vary with model to model but they follow almost same principle. When you want to replace the cartridge, then firstly, you have to turn off the water filter’s inlet and outlet Read more

Solvent properties of water

The substances that have ability to dissolve other materials are known as solvent. It can be liquid, gas or solid. Water has excellent solvent properties. It can dissolve a vast amount of substances. Therefore it is called universal solvent. The polar effect (dipole moment) and high dielectric constant properties make the water excellent solvent. It plays an important rule to the entire living Read more

Water Desalination Process

Water desalination process is a system that removes dissolved salt and other contaminant from water in order to obtain fresh water. This water may be used as drinking, industrial or irrigation purposes. This process is used those areas where fresh water is insufficient but unlimited supply of saline water like Saudi Arabia, UAE, USA, Israel, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, Australia, North Read more

salt water pool problems

Despite the popularity of the salt water pool in the USA is increasing day by day, but they have some problems. They are not a chlorine free swimming pool. Here Chlorine is produced from the salt water with the help of electrolytic chlorine generator (ECG). These types of pools are popular due to the water is clean, less chlorine smell, lower chloramines formation and low eyes irritation. The Read more

Demineralization of water – DM water

Demineralization of water is a process that removes minerals from water and produced demineralized water. Shortly it is called dm water or demi water. It is water softening process. The most common dm water processes are distillation, deionization, membrane filtration (reverse osmosis or nanofiltration), electrodialysis. This water is not free from some uncharged molecules like viruses or Read more

Swimming pool filter system

Swimming pool filter system is used to removes dust, dirt, debris and other particulates from the water. These contaminants come into the pool water through the environment, chemicals or carried by the swimmers. The wind blows the dust, leaves, chemical wastes, pollen, spores, bacteria etc. into the water. On the other hand swimmers carry sweat, suntan oils, urine, bacteria, viruses, etc. to Read more

Disinfection and sterilization of water

Sterilization of water is the process that kills, eliminates or deactivates the all form of microorganisms in the water. It is the critical stage for safe potable water. This method must achieve all most 100% deactivation so that prevents the spread of water-borne diseases. On the other hand disinfection means the process that are removing or reducing harmful microorganisms. There are different Read more

Coagulation water treatment process

The purpose of coagulation water treatment process is to removes the colloidal particles from water. The water may contain suspended matter, small or large solid particles. Sedimentation and filtration processes can removes most of the solid particles but the small particles that are remains in colloidal suspension cannot removes. If they clump together and form larger particles, then it would Read more

Determination of chemical oxygen demand of water

Chemical Oxygen Demand indicates the amount of oxygen required to oxidize all soluble and particulate organic substances in water under specific conditions. All organic compounds may convert into carbon dioxide, water and ammonia. It is a significant parameter to determinate water characteristic. The COD value depends on oxidizing agent, pH, temperature, and period of time. It is expressed as Read more